(1884,Vicebsk – 1956, Los Angeles)
Oscar Miestchaninoff was born into the family of a merchant. He received his primary art education in Vicebsk under Y.Pen. In 1905-1906 he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Odessa.
In 1907, he came to Paris. He studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Mercié and later under Josef Bernard. In the 1910s, he made friends with P.Picasso, D.Rivera, F,Modigliani, who painted his portrait.
O. Miestchaninoff executed portrait busts and torsos of marble, granite and bronze. In the 1910s and 1920s, he exhibited his works at the salons of the National Society of Fine Arts , of the Society of French Artists at the Salon des Indépendants, Salon d’Automne and Tuileries, at the exhibitions of Mir
Iskusstva (World of Art) in1915 and 1916, and other exhibitions in Russia.
In 1919, having received a letter of recommendation from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs he went to Burma, Siam and Cambodia in order to study the ancient city of Angkor and Khmer sculpture. The expedition resulted in a collection, which enriched French museums and an album with the introduction by Henry Goudron (1922). In 1927, he took part in a similar expedition to India, where he studied Ellora rock-cut temples. Oscar Miestchaninoff became an acknowledged expert in the arts of Ancient Asia.
He took part in the exhibitions of Russian artists at London Whitechapel gallery in 1921, of the circle of Russian artists ‘Tschisla’ (Numbers) at the Parisian gallery L’Époque (1931). In 1928, he visited Lenigrad and Moscow as a participant of the exhibition of contemporary French art.
Oscar Miestchaninoff lived in Boulogne-Billancourt, in a house designed by Le Corbusier in 1925. During World War II he moved to the United States of America. He acquired US citizenship and lived in New York and in Los Angeles.