(1890, Čerikaŭ, another version – Čavusy, both now in Mahilyoŭ region – 1981, Opio, France)
Léon Indenbaum was born into the family of lace dealer. The young Leo went to the heder until he was thirteen. He then studied at a traditional school, where he learned how to work wood. His director noticed his talent and offered him a scholarship to study at the School of Fine Arts in Odessa, where he worked in clay and carved wood. He then studied to be a wood-carver and cabinet-maker at the drawing classes of the Antokolski Applied Arts Society in Vilna (Vilnius).
In 1911, he went to Paris and settled in La Ruche, a commune of artists, where he met Chagall, Soutine, Kremegne, Kikoïne, Zadkine, O.Miestchaninoff, D.Rivera. Later he shared a studio with A. Modigliani who painted his portrait (1915). From 1914 to 1920 he studied sculpture under Antoine Bourdelle and Aristide Maillol.
L.Indenbaum was fascinated by Ancient and African plastic arts. He executed monumental torsos, busts of terracotta, wood, stone, marble and bronze. During his early years in Paris he was supported by rich collectors, brothers George and Marcel Bernard.
L.Indenbaum exhibited his works at the Salon des Indépendants (from 1912), Salon d’Automne and Tuileries. From 1921 to 1923 he was a member of literature and art group ‘Oudar’ (Stroke) and in the early 1930s, he was in the circle of Russian artists ‘Tschisla’ (Numbers). He participated in the exhibition ‘Le cent du Parnasse’ (A hundred from Parnassus) and the exhibitions of Russian artists at London Whitechapel gallery in 1921 and at Parisian galleries L’Époque (1931), Zak (1936), also in the exhibition organized by Comité France–U.R.S.S. du XIVe AARt (1945).
In 1964, L.Indenbaum took part in the exhibition "Vingt-deux sculpteurs témoignent de l'homme" (Twenty-two sculptors show the man) at the Galerie Vendome in Paris and in1967, in the first festival of contemporary sculpture at Chateau de St Ouen. In 1968, he received the Wildenstein prize awarded by "L'Institut de France". In 1980s his works were displayed at exhibitions of the Society of Russian Painters and Sculptors in France.
In 2004, Leon Indenbaum's marble bas-relief "Musiciens et Antilopes" (1914) was sold at Christie's in New York for 3.6 million Euros. This broke the world record for sale of a work of decorative art of the twentieth century.